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SIGNS OF AN ALLERGY

• Sneezing, watery eyes or cold symptoms that last more than
10 days without a fever.
• Repeated ear and sinus infections.
• Loss of smell or taste.
• Frequent throat clearing, hoarseness, coughing or wheezing.
• Dark circles under the eyes caused by increased blood flow
near the sinuses (allergic shines).
• A crease just above the tip of the nose from constant upward
nose wiping (allergic salute).

ALLERGY PREVENTION

The best way to prevent an allergy is to recognize that you have one. Often people confuse an allergy with a cold or flu. Remember colds are short-lived and passed from person to person, whereas allergies are immune system reactions to normally harmless substances. Allergies are best prevented by avoiding exposure to allergens in the first place. A good first step to avoiding allergens is to follow the various tips listed below.

 

ALLERGEN TIPS

 

TIPS FOR ALLERGY PROOFING
YOUR HOME

Use the Checklist below as a guideline to minimise allergens in your home. While it is not necessary to do everything on this list, the more you can do will help to improve the indoor environment and reduce allergen exposure. You can rely less on medication and other forms of treatment.

    1. Encase your pillows in aah! allergen proof covers.
    2. Wash all bedding weekly using aah! Anti-Allergen Laundry Detergent
    3. Use an allergy air filter in your heating and air conditioning system.
    4. Clean the house regularly and vacuum thoroughly. Use aah!
      Anti-allergen Hard surface cleaner for simultaneous anti-allergen
      dusting and deep cleaning
    5. Use room air purifiers. Keep humidity below 50% and preferably less than 40%.  Both dust mites and mold are reduced in lower humidity. Use a humidity guage to monitor humidity levels. If necessary, use a dehumidifier to reduce excess moisture in your home. Avoid using humidifiers unless humidity goes below 30%.
    6. Avoid dust-catching clutter. Use enclosed places to keep books, toys and clothing. Keep closet doors closed. Keep surfaces free of knickknacks. Avoid stuffed animals unless you clean them in a anti allergy solution, such as aah! Soft Surface care or aah! Laundry Detergent. Stuffed animals can be a major source of dust mite exposure.
    7. Use washable blankets or quilts and wash them in aah! Anti-allergen laundry detergent.  If you use a comforter, make sure it is enclosed in an impermeable liner.
    8. Keep floors bare or use washable throw rugs instead of area rugs and carpets. If you elect to keep carpeting, low pile "Berber" carpeting is best. Use aah! Anti Allergy Soft Surface care to treat your carpets and remove allergens.
    9. Use leather furniture or some other covering that will not allow dust mites to enter. Allergens on upholstered furniture can be denatured and neutralised by using aah! Anti-Allergen Soft Surface care cleaner.
    10. Wear a dust filtering mask when cleaning the house or working in the yard. Put filters over supply register vents and change regularly.
    11. Pet owners should bath and wash their pets regularly to remove excess dander. Use aah! Anti-Allergen Pet Shampoo to help reduce the allergens in the dander.
    12. Eliminate sources of allergens from cockroaches and rodents by protecting sources of food and/or through extermination by a trained professional using non-toxic procedures.
    13. Install exhaust fans in the bathroom or over the stove to remove excess moisture.
    14. Inspect and remove sources of mold growth such as wet carpeting, rotting flooring, water-damaged wallpaper and firewood. Use a mold remover for surface mold removal.

     

 

ALLERGENS AND IRRITANTS

As the seasons change throughout the year, allergies can flare up and cause a host of irritations. Below is information gathered from The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences regarding some of the most prevalent and common allergens and irritants.




CIGARETTE SMOKE
Cigarette smoke contains a number of toxic chemicals and irritants. People with allergies may be more sensitive to cigarette smoke than others and research studies indicate that smoking may aggravate allergies.

Smoking does not just harm smokers but also those around them. Research has shown that children and spouses of smokers tend to have more respiratory infections and asthma than those of non-smokers. In addition, exposure to second-hand smoke can increase the risk of allergic complications such as sinusitis and bronchitis.
Common symptoms of smoke irritation are burning or watery eyes, nasal congestion, coughing, hoarseness and shortness of breath presenting as a wheeze.
 

COCKROACHES
Cockroaches are one of the most common and allergenic of indoor pests.
Recent studies have found a strong association between the presence of cockroaches and increases in the severity of asthma symptoms in individuals who are sensitive to cockroach allergens.

These pests are common even in the cleanest of crowded urban areas and older dwellings. They are found in all types of neighbourhoods. The proteins found in cockroach saliva are particularly allergenic but the body and droppings of cockroaches also contain allergenic proteins.

PREVENTIVE STRATEGIES
• Keep food and garbage in closed, tight-lidded containers. Never leave food out in the kitchen.
• Do not leave out pet food or dirty food bowls.
• Eliminate water sources that attract these pests, such as leaky faucets and drain pipes.
• Mop the kitchen floor and wash countertops at least once a week.
• Plug up crevices around the house through which cockroaches can enter.
• Limit the spread of food around the house and keep food out of bedrooms.
• Use bait stations and other environmentally safe pesticides to reduce cockroach infestation.
 

DUST MITES
Dust mites are tiny microscopic relatives of the spider and live on mattresses, bedding, upholstered furniture, carpets and curtains. These tiny creatures feed on the flakes of skin that people and pets shed daily and they thrive in warm and humid environments.
No matter how clean a home is, dust mites cannot be totally eliminated. However, the number of mites can be reduced by following the suggestions below.

PREVENTIVE STRATEGIES
• Use a dehumidifier or air conditioner to maintain relative humidity at about 50% or below.
• Encase your mattress and pillows in dust-proof or allergen impermeable covers (available from specialty supply mail order companies, bedding and some department stores).
• Wash all bedding and blankets once a week in hot water (at least 130-140°F) to kill dust mites. Non-washable bedding can be frozen to kill dust mites.
• Replace wool or feathered bedding with synthetic materials and traditional stuffed animals with washable ones.
• If possible, replace wall-to-wall carpets in bedrooms with bare floors (linoleum, tile or wood) and remove fabric curtains and upholstered furniture.
• Use a damp mop or rag to remove dust. Never use a dry cloth since this just stirs up mite allergens.
• Use a vacuum cleaner with either a double-layered micro-filter bag or a HEPA filter to trap allergens that pass through a vacuum's exhaust.
• Wear a mask while vacuuming to avoid inhaling allergens, and stay out of the vacuumed area for 20 minutes to allow any dust and allergens to settle.
 

MOLD
Several molds that grow both indoors and outdoors, produce allergenic substances. These allergens can be found in mold spores and other fungal structures (e.g. hyphae). There is no definite seasonal pattern to molds that grow indoors. However outdoor molds are seasonal, first appearing in early spring and thriving until the first frost.
Indoor molds are found in dark, warm, humid and musty environments such as damp basements, cellars, attics, bathrooms and laundry rooms. They are also found where fresh food is stored, in refrigerator drip trays, garbage pails, air conditioners and humidifiers.
Outdoor molds grow in moist shady areas. They are common in soil, decaying vegetation, compost piles, rotting wood and fallen leaves.

PREVENTIVE STRATEGIES
• Use a dehumidifier or air conditioner to maintain relative humidity below 50% and keep temperatures cool.
• Vent bathrooms and clothes dryers to the outside, and run bathroom and kitchen vents while bathing and cooking.
• Regularly check faucets, pipes and ductwork for leaks.
• When first turning on home or car air conditioners, leave the room or drive with the windows open for several minutes to allow mold spores to disperse.
• Remove decaying debris from the yard, roof and gutters.
• Avoid raking leaves, mowing the lawn or working with peat, mulch, hay or dead wood. If you must do yard work, wear a mask and avoid working on hot, humid days.
 

PETS AND ANIMALS
Many people think animal allergies are caused by the fur or feathers of their pet.
In fact, allergies are actually aggravated by proteins secreted by oil glands and shed as dander proteins in saliva (which stick to fur when animals lick themselves) and aerosolised urine from rodents and guinea pigs. Keep in mind that you can sneeze with and without your pet being present. Although an animal may be out of sight, their allergens are not. This is because pet allergens are carried on very small particles. As a result pet allergens can remain circulating in the air and remain on carpets and furniture for weeks and months after a pet is gone. Allergens may also be present in public buildings, schools, etc. where there are no pets.

PREVENTIVE STRATEGIES
• Remove pets from your home if possible.
• If pet removal is not possible, keep them out of bedrooms and
confined to areas without carpets or upholstered furniture.
• If possible, bathe pets weekly to reduce the amount of allergens.
• Wear a dust mask and gloves when near rodents.
• After playing with your pet, wash your hands and clean your clothes
to remove pet allergens.
• Avoid contact with soiled litter cages.
• Dust often with a damp cloth.

 
POLLENS

Ragweed Pollen
Ragweed and other weeds such as curly dock, lambs quarters, pigweed, plantain, sheep sorrel and sagebrush are some of the most prolific producers of pollen allergens.
Although the ragweed pollen season runs from August to November, ragweed pollen levels usually peak in mid-September in many areas in the country.
In addition, pollen counts are highest between 5 - 10 AM and on dry, hot and windy days.

PREVENTIVE STRATEGIES
• Avoid the outdoors between 5-10 AM. Save outside activities for late afternoon or after a heavy rain, when pollen levels are lower.
• Keep windows in your home and car closed to lower exposure to pollen.
• Avoid using window and attic fans, to keep cool use an air conditioner.
• Be aware that pollen can also be transported indoors on people and pets.
• Dry your clothes in an automatic dryer rather than hanging them outside, pollen can collect on clothing and be carried indoors.

GRASS POLLEN
As with tree pollen, grass pollen is regional as well as seasonal. In addition, grass pollen levels can be affected by temperature, time of day and rain. Of the 1,200 species of grass that grow in North America, only a small percentage of these cause allergies. The most common grasses that can cause allergies are: Bermuda grass, Johnson grass, Kentucky bluegrass, Orchard grass, Sweet vernal grass, Timothy grass

PREVENTIVE STRATEGIES
• If you have a grass lawn, have someone else do the mowing. If you must mow the lawn yourself, wear a mask. Keep grass cut short.
• Choose ground covers that don't produce much pollen, such as Irish moss, bunch, and dichondra.
• Avoid the outdoors between 5-10 AM.
• Save outside activities for late afternoon or after a heavy rain, when pollen levels are lower.
• Keep windows in your home and car closed to lower exposure to pollen. To keep cool, use air conditioners and avoid using window and attic fans.
• Be aware that pollen can also be transported indoors on people and pets.
• Dry your clothes in an automatic dryer rather than hanging them outside, pollen can collect on clothing and be carried indoors.

TREE POLLEN
Trees are the earliest pollen producers, releasing their pollen as early as January in the Southern states and as late as May or June in the Northern states.
Trees can aggravate your allergy whether or not they are on your property, since trees release large amounts of pollen that can be distributed miles away from the original source.

Of the 50,000 different kinds of trees, less than 100 have been shown to cause allergies. Most allergies are specific to one type of tree such as: catalpa, elm, hickory, olive, pecan, sycamore, walnut, or to the male cultivator of certain trees.

The female of these species are totally pollen-free: ash, box elder, cottonwood, date, palm, Phoenix palm, red maple , silver maple, poplar, & willow

Some people, though, do show cross-reactivity among trees in the alder, beech, birch and oak family, and the juniper and cedar family.

PREVENTIVE STRATEGIES
• If you buy trees for your yard, look for species that do not aggravate allergies such as crape myrtle, dogwood, fig, fir, palm, pear, plum, redbud and redwood trees or the female cultivators of ash, box elder, cottonwood, maple, palm, poplar or willow trees.
• Avoid the outdoors between 5-10 AM. Save outside activities for late afternoon or after a heavy rain, when pollen levels are lower.
• Keep windows in your home and car closed to lower exposure to pollen. To keep cool, use air conditioners and avoid using window and attic fans.
• Be aware that pollen can also be transported indoors on people and pets.
• Dry your clothes in an automatic dryer rather than hanging them outside, pollen can collect on clothing and be carried indoors.


 

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